From Congress to Sangh Parivar
India has a long and very complex history due to its massive diversity of different cultures, traditions, religions and due to the impact of British rule. India as an experiment initiated by INC (1885) to establish a state based on inclusive nationalism where numerous sects, languages, customs were welcomed as a source to built commonality. Secularism was said to be the defining feature of India .It was the promise to Indian Muslims that’s why most of the Indian Muslims never accepted the call of Jinnah for Pakistan. Indian Muslims while rejecting the idea of Pakistan invested heavily in the idea of secular India. Pundit Nehru, the first prime minister of India was the most articulate exponent of India’s ideal of Secularism. He said that communalism of majority is more dangerous than the communalism of minority. No one saw the menace of Manuvad Fascism clearly than Pundit Nehru. As such, RSS was outlawed by the British (and was even periodically banned by the Indian government after independence). Indeed, Nathuram Godse, the man who assassinated Gandhi in 1948, was himself a RSS constituent who felt that the Mahatma made too many generous concessions to the Muslims. On February 4, 1948, the government banned the RSS alleging that, contrary to its professed ideals, the RSS members had carried on violent activities, collected illicit weapons and exhorted people to violence. Gopal Godse brother of Nathuram Godse, published his book, Why I Assassinated Gandhi, in Dec 1993 and delivered a speech in New Delhi on the occasion of release of book in which he clearly said that Nathuram Godse was member of RSS and he never left it.
BJP’s rise to power in May 2014 is not only succession of one Government by another but it also introduced the concept of Hindutva which is the brainchild of RSS, founded at Nagpur in Sept. 1925 on the festival of Dusshera which commemorate the victory of Shri Ram over the demon king Ravana. Its founder was Hedgewar, his mentor send him to Calcutta in 1910 to pursue medical studies and unofficially to learn terrorist techniques from Bengal secret societies. Hindutva or "Hinduness" is the predominant form of Hindu nationalism in India. V.D. Savarkar, who coined the term Hindutva in 1923, wanted to create a collective Hindu identity as an "imagined nation”. In his Hindutva: Who is a Hindu? Savarkar used the term "Hindutva" to describe "Hinduness" or the "quality of being a Hindu". Sarvakar includes all Indian religions in the term "Hinduism" and outlines his vision of a "Hindu Rashtra" (Hindu Nation) as "Akhand Bharat" (Undivided India), stretching across the entire Indian subcontinent. There was rise of several organisations especially ‘Sangh Parivar’ and this Parivar is enforcing Manuvad Fascism in the name of Hindutva .RSS outfits are championing a narrow and concocted nationalism by spreading fear among minorities. It is a great threat to our pluralistic culture of which Nehru called Composite Culture.
Teesta Setalvad a social activist sought a ban on the term Hindutva during elections, but the Supreme Court ruled that it will not reconsider its 1995 judgment that: “Hindutva was not a religion, but a way of life and a state of mind” and is therefore not a corrupt practice. The fascism in India under the garb of nationalism has been causing havoc to constitutional morality. BJP is actually an RSS project. This project of aggressive Hindutva nationalism requires distorting of facts by blurring the Indian history. Distorted history is now to be taught at schools across BJP governed states. It is tragic that those forces which never participated in independence struggle and rather opposed the ‘Nationalism for composite culture’ are projecting themselves as ulta nationalists.
M S Golwalkar Supremo of RSS after Hedgewar is too well known to be a Hitler fan. He often eulogized Hitler’s model of racial cleansing and even adopted it as his own. He unhesitatingly wanted to model his concept of Hindu Rashtra on Hitler’s totalitarian and fascists pattern. His book ‘We & Our Nationhood Defined’ is replete with totalitarian of Nazi cultural nationalism of Hitler. It is not a coincidence that Sangh Parivar’s slogan One Nation, One culture, One Religion, One Language exactly resonates the Nazi slogan which is Ein Volk, Ein Reich, Ein Fuhrer (One People, One State, One Leader). Much of Nazi ideology and imagery came from the symbols and history of ancient India – indeed, the infamous Nazi Swastika was based on a Hindu symbol of strength and good fortune. Moreover, the legendary history (some would say, myth) of the invasion of prehistoric India by the mysterious “Aryan” tribes would (centuries later) provide Hitler with his notion of a “Super Master Race” that was destined to dominate the world. This seems to be the emergence of Manuvad Fascism as influenced by Hitler.
- The writer hails from Kishtwar (Jammu and Kashmir) and studies Political Science, at Deptt. Of Political Science Aligarh Muslim University. He can be reached at: email@example.com